REDs Coordinate Scale and Protractor
Risk Estimate Distances for Common Mortar Rounds

Note: Product edges and interior cutouts are shown with a thin red line. Neither the red lines, colored background, nor map image are printed on the actual tool. (more info)

Product Description

Risk Estimate Distances (REDs) take into account the bursting radius of particular munitions and the characteristics of the delivery system and associates this combination with a percentage for the probability of incapacitation of soldiers at a given range. The RED-combat (or MSD-training) is defined as the minimum distance friendly troops can approach the effects of friendly fires without suffering appreciable casualties of 0.1% or higher probability of incapacitation.

This tool has concentric range rings for danger areas of mortar and artillery systems. Placing the crosshairs on a target allows maneuver units to see how close they can get to where rounds are impacting and still be safe. This allows fire supporters and ground commanders to plan fires (the term used for indirect systems like mortars, artillery, missiles and ordinance from aircraft) on the objective and ensure consistent fires on the enemy as friendly forces move on the battlefield. This is called echeloning of fires and a more detailed explanation can be found in FM 3-90.2.

There are concentric range rings for standing posture REDs for 60mm, 81mm, 120mm mortars and 105mm and 155mm HE Howitzer rounds. There is a set of rings for 1:25,000 scale maps and another for 1:50,000 scale maps.

The other aspects of the tool are an improved version of the Graphic Training Aid 5-2-12 Coordinate Scale and Protractor used by United States and NATO military forces around the world. By using a slot on one side of the tool for access to the map, the tool can be more compact than the traditional GTA tool. The 1:100,000 scale now spans 5km grid lines, making it much more usable. The overall dimensions of the tool have been reduced so that it is the size of a music CD, easily fitting into a pocket or any slot where you could store a CD.

The inner protractor is marked in degrees and the outer protractor is in mils.

Our coordinate scales offer significant benefits over the standard issue GTA 5-2-12:
  • The tool is printed on plastic stock about the thickness and stiffness of a credit card, with a protective coating. It's 33% thicker than the standard military issue version, so it's less likely to be bent or broken when you need to use it.
  • Rounded corners keep it from wearing holes in your pockets.
  • Larger 1:50,000 and 1:100,000 scale rulers for maps with wider grid spacing.
  • It's the size of a music CD, so it tucks away in more storage spaces.

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Item description Quantity Price Quantity
REDs Coordinate Scale and Protractor
Risk Estimate Distances for Common Mortar Rounds
Part Id: REDs-1, Made in United States, UPC: 824249150513
Quantities of 10 or more, shipped in bulk packaging. more info
-- Out of Stock --
1 - 9
10 - 24
25 - 99


  • 1:10,000 x 500m
  • 1:25,000 x 1km
  • 1:50,000 x 2km
  • 1:100,000 x 5km†
  • 1:250,000 x 10km†
  • 1:500,000 x 20km†
† This scale can be used by multiplying or dividing one of the scales printed on the tool by 10.

For example, a 1:100,000 x 10km tool can be used as a 1:10,000 x 1km tool by dividing the scale and grid distance by 10, and as a 1:1,000,000 x 100km tool by multiplying the scale and grid distance by 10.

Height: 8.500 in. (216mm)
Width: 6.000 in. (152mm)
Thickness: 0.030 in. (1mm)
Made in United States.

How to use products like this...

Using a slot style tool to plot/measure a 10m MGRS position

Slot style tool with UTM position

Here is a tutorial on using this type of tool.

Here is information on using the Universal Transverse Mercator coordinates (UTM).

Here is information on using the United States National Grid (USNG).

Here is information on using the Military Grid Reference System (MGRS).